上海论文网提供毕业论文和发表论文,专业服务20年。

汉语动作动词隐喻理解的具身效应

  • 论文价格:150
  • 用途: 硕士毕业论文 Master Thesis
  • 作者:上海论文网
  • 点击次数:1
  • 论文字数:26522
  • 论文编号:el2021121618544726667
  • 日期:2021-12-16
  • 来源:上海论文网

语言学论文哪里有?本研究以描述动作动词与宾语冲突的动作动词隐喻为实验材料,采用运动启动研究动作动词隐喻意义的具体化效应。基于以上实验结果和讨论,可以得出以下主要结论。首先,感觉运动系统涉及对动作动词隐喻的理解。


1    Introduction


1.2   Research Objectives and Questions

The  embodied  effect  in  language  comprehension  has  been  testified  by  a  number  of previous  studies,  which  mainly  focused  on  literal  actions [14,  17-20] without  laying  enough emphasis on action-verb metaphors. Action-verb metaphors refer to actions which cannot be performed with a body effector physically. In terms of the amodal view, sensorimotor systems play  an  epiphenomenal  role  in  language  comprehension.  Conversely,  sensorimotor  systems play a significant role in language comprehension based on the embodied view. Therefore, it is  doubt  that  whether  processing  metaphoric  sense  of  action  verbs  involves  the  embodied simulation of real actions. Adopting motor priming paradigm, the  research objectives of the present study  can be summarized into two points: (1)  Investigate the embodied effect in  the comprehension  of  Chinese  action-verb  metaphors;  (2)  Compare  the  embodied  effect  in  the comprehension  of  Chinese  action-verb  metaphors  with  that  in  alphabetic  languages  of previous researches. 

Based on two research objectives, following research questions will be answered: 

(1) Does the embodied effect occur in comprehending Chinese action-verb metaphors? 

(2) If it does, is the effect the same as other alphabetic languages in the comprehension of action-verb metaphors?

语言学论文怎么写


3   Methodology


3.1   Participants

A total of 120 healthy Chinese native university students participated in the experiment. All participants are right-handed with normal or corrected-to-normal vision (60 males and 60 females;  mean  age  =  22.4  years,  SD  =  2.95),  recruited  by  advertising  in  social  media.  All participants  volunteered  to  do  the  experiment  and  all  participants  got  a  gift  after  the experiment.

The  experiment  was  divided  into  two  phases:  learning  phase  and  test  phase.  In  the learning phase, participants learned the correlation between icons and  corresponding  actions and how to perform these actions by watching a video. In the test phase, each participant read 15  action-verb  metaphors,  five  action-verb  metaphors  with  a  matching  prime,  another  five action-verb metaphors with a mismatching prime and the last five with no prime. Fillers were primed with these three types as well. Between trials, a filler phrase was presented. The order of presentation was randomized and counter-balanced. 

语言学论文参考


5   Discussion


5.1   Facilitation in the Matching Condition

The  finding  of  a  processing  advantage  for  action-verb  metaphor  comprehension  in  the matching  prime  condition  is  in  consistent  with  previous  studies [21, 83].  Behavioral  results  in the present study supported the embodied effect in action-verb metaphor comprehension even at  the  phrasal  level  as  RTs  in  the  matching  prime  condition  were  shorter  than  those  in no-prime condition which is in line with previous studies, further favoring the embodied view, but  rejecting  the  amodal  view.  That  means,  even  the  metaphoric  meaning  of  action  verbs contains  the  action  content  which  can  activate  sensorimotor  systems [72],  thus  the  activated sensorimotor  systems  in  this  study  can  promote  subsequent  action-verb  metaphor comprehension. And the icons adopted in the present study helped avoid the lexical priming effect and the analyses of the post-test verified that the observed promoted comprehension in the matching condition was not a result of lexical priming effect, supporting the involvement of sensorimotor systems in action-verb metaphor comprehension.


5.2   Interference in the Mismatching Condition

Behavioral  results  in  the  mismatching  prime  condition,  revealed  that  a  different  body effector prime interfered the subsequent action-verb metaphor comprehension. However, the statistical  analysis  demonstrated  a  significant  difference  in  RTs  between  the  mismatching prime  condition  and  no-prime  condition,  which  is  different  from  previous  studies  on action-verb  metaphor  comprehension [21,  83].  Although  Wilson  and  Gibbs  observed  a  main effect  for  prime  type  in  both  participants  and  items,  RTs  for  no-prime  condition  and  the mismatching prime condition did not significantly differ in subsequent independent t-tests [83]. Different  from  materials  selection  in  Wilson  and  Gibbs [83],  the  mismatching  action  prime used in the present study is executed by a different body effector with subsequent action-verb metaphor comprehension. Concretely, actions in the mismatching prime condition in Wilson and  Gibbs’s  study  were  not  clear.  No  significant  difference  observed  in  the  comparison between  the  mismatching  condition  and  no-prime  condition  can  because  they  didn’t  adopt actions executed by a different body effector as mismatching primes [83]. 


6   Conclusions


6.1   Major Findings

The  present  research  chose  action-verb  metaphors  describing  a  conflict  between  action verbs  and  objects  as  experimental  materials  and  employed  motor  priming  to  investigate  the embodied  effect  of  the  metaphoric  sense  of  action  verbs.  On  the  ground  of  the  above experimental results and discussion, the following major findings can be concluded. 

Firstly,  sensorimotor  systems  involve  in  the  comprehension  of  action-verb  metaphors. The  facilitation  observed  in  the  matching  prime  condition  supported  that  the  metaphoric sense of action verbs is partially embodied rather than totally symbolic or amodal. Although the metaphoric sense of action verbs did not refer to actions that can be performed physically, the  activated  specific  body-effector  motor  system  can  promote  subsequent  action-verb metaphor  comprehension  where  the  action  verb  is  executed  by  the  same  body  effector, suggesting that the metaphoric sense of action verbs is embodied to some extent. The present study  investigated  the  embodied  effect  of  Chinese  action-verb  metaphor  comprehension  in native  speakers,  providing  more  evidence  in  the  embodied  studies  in  language comprehension. 

Secondly,  the  embodied  effect  observed  in  the  present  study  is  different  from  previous studies  in  alphabetic  languages  to  some  extent.  More  concretely,  the  difference  between mismatching  prime  and  no-prime  condition  was  found,  which  is  different  from  previous studies.  The  study  selected  Chinese  specific  body-effector-related  action-verb  metaphors  as the experimental materials. Verbs are all body-effector–related, therefore, mismatching prime and target verbs in action-verb metaphor comprehension executed by a different body effector in  the  mismatching  condition  can  capture  a  clearer  picture  about  the  embodied  effect  in action-verb metaphor comprehension.

Finally,  the  action  content  of  the  metaphoric  sense  of  action  verbs  may  be  relevant  to body effector. The mismatching advantage in the mismatching condition was not observed in previous  studies  in  alphabetic  languages.  In  Schaller  et  al.  [21]  study,  they  used  verbs  with same  effectors  in  the  mismatching  condition  and  found  the  facilitation  in  the  mismatching condition as well. In the first experiment conducted by Wilson and Gibbs, they didn’t depict verbs in the mismatching condition using same effector or not and they only described those verbs as mismatching primes [83]. 

reference(omitted)

123
限时特价,全文150.00元,获取完整文章,请点击立即购买,付款后系统自动下载

也可输入商品号自助下载

微信支付

查看订单详情

输入商品号下载

1,点击按钮复制下方QQ号!!
2,打开QQ >> 添加好友/群
3,粘贴QQ,完成添加!!